EIC Analysis / Flash
Debt default by a steel trader - any sign of contagion?
27 January 2017

Author: Kanit Umsakul


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  • A recent default by a SET-listed steel-trading company prompts a concern over the possibility of widespread defaults among others in the industry. On January 11th, 2017, a company trading steel pipes and steel products announced its default on bank loan, debentures, and bills of exchange (B/E). Even though the company has proposed a debt-restructuring plan on January 24, 2017, investors remain worried whether default risks will spread to other players in the industry.

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  • Liquidity constraint and high debt accumulation are key contributors to the default. A recent slowdown in construction added pressure on the defaulting company which has been struggling with maintaining liquidity. This is reflected in its long cash conversion cycle of 340 days. The time period needed to collect debt took as along as 300 days on average in the first 9 months of 2016. Moreover, its choice of funding led to high debt accumulation with a D/E ratio at 2.5 times. These aforementioned factors and the company's failure to raise funds rendered it unable to pay for incurred debts.

  • However, the steel trader overall maintains healthy liquidity with a moderate level of debt accumulation. The average cash conversion cycle for other companies with similar business is short at 75-120 days. The average D/E ratio also stays low at 1.3 times. Therefore, the recent default was due to company-specific factors and should be well-contained without spreading to other companies in the industry.






  • EIC recommends steel-trading companies to pay close attention to liquidity management with an appropriate level of debt accumulation. Steel traders should manage liquidity by: 1) properly limiting overstocking of products whose orders have not yet been placed, and 2) improving timely debt collection processes, for example, by offering a cash discount. These approaches can help increase liquidity by shortening the cash conversion cycle. In addition, companies should evaluate capability of debt accumulation by comparing with other companies in the industry or with industry-wide average. This can help gauge whether the current debt level is appropriate.